Registration is Open: Winter Clean Fuels Luncheon

    Please join us for lunch and a clean fuels update at the beautiful LEED certified Baton Rouge Coca Cola facility! Registration is free, but you must register to attend.

    LCF Clean Fuels Stakeholder Luncheon

    December 6, 2013
    11:30 AM to 1:30 PM

    Baton Rouge Coca Cola Bottling Company
    9696 Plank Road
    Baton Rouge, LA 70811

    Register Here

    Our quarterly luncheons are a great opportunity to network with other fleets, fuel providers, utilities, municipalities and OEMs while getting updates on Alternative Fuel technology, funding and legislation. This quarter, we will update you on staffing changes in our organization and introduce our newly elected officers. We will also introduce you to a new fleet analysis tool from DOE called AFLEET.

    Tentative Agenda

    • Balu Balagopal / Co-CEO at Nat G will outline fleet conversion case studies and discuss the potential returns on investment for fleets that convert to CNG. Balu will also explain the process of building a private refueling station with Nat G.
    • Dennis Pick / CEO  at Ultimate CNG will demonstrate the Fuel Mule fueling station and explain the process ROI and benefits of the mobile station compared to an investment in a proprietary infrastructure. 
    • Sarie Joubert / CNG Consultant will give an overview of CNG infrastructure site selection and share her ‘Guide for CNG Development’

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    DERA Construction Rebate Program

    As part of the Diesel Emission Reduction Program (DERA), the 2013 Construction Equipment Funding Opportunity will provide rebate incentives to selected eligible applicants to either retrofit or to replace their nonroad construction equipment engines. Please read the 2013 Construction Equipment Program Guide (PDF) (32 pp, 700K, EPA-420-B-13-042, November 2013) for complete information. 
    Deadline: Wednesday, January 15, 2014 at 4 p.m. EST.

    For more information and updates:

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    Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicles and Infrastructure


    What are the key terms to know when discussing ethanol flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) and their fueling infrastructure?

    It is important to know how to "talk the talk" when it comes to FFVs. Becoming familiar with the terms below will help you better understand these vehicles and the associated fueling infrastructure so that you can ask the right questions and make informed decisions:

    FFV: An FFV is a vehicle that has an internal combustion engine and can run on E85 (defined below), gasoline, or a mixture of the two. Except for fuel system and powertrain adjustments that allow the vehicles to run on higher ethanol blends, FFVs are virtually identical to their conventional gasoline vehicle counterparts; however, drivers can expect a slightly lower fuel economy when driving on ethanol compared to gasoline, depending on the ethanol blend.

    Types of Ethanol
    Ethanol can be categorized into two main types based on the feedstocks used for its production:

      • Starch- and sugar-based ethanol: Produced from feedstocks like corn, wheat, milo, and sugarcane, starch- and sugar-based ethanol makes up the majority of all domestic ethanol production. In fact, corn is the most common ethanol feedstock in the United States. This type of ethanol is manufactured through dry- or wet-mill processing. More than 80% of ethanol plants are dry mills due to lower capital costs. Dry-milling consists of grinding corn into flour and fermenting the mixture, resulting in distiller grain and carbon dioxide co-products. Wet mills separate the starch, protein, and fiber in corn prior to processing these components into products, such as ethanol.
      • Cellulosic ethanol: Produced from feedstocks like crop and wood residues, dedicated energy crops, and industrial and other wastes, cellulosic ethanol offers advantages over starch- and sugar-based feedstocks (e.g., no food-versus-fuel concerns). Feedstock components include cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Because it is more challenging to extract sugars necessary for ethanol production from these feedstocks, cellulosic ethanol is more difficult to manufacture than starch- and sugar-based ethanol. This type of ethanol can be produced through two conversion pathways:
        • Biochemical: Feedstocks are pretreated to release hemicellulose sugars and then undergo hydrolysis to break cellulose into sugars. Sugars are fermented into ethanol, and lignin is recovered and used to produce energy to power the process.
        • Thermochemical: Heat and chemicals are added to feedstocks to create a mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen, also known as syngas. Syngas is then mixed with a catalyst to produce ethanol.


    Ethanol Blends
    The following ethanol blends can be used in conventional gasoline vehicles (note model year restrictions for E15):

      • E10: (10% ethanol, 90% gasoline) – E10 is classified as "substantially similar" to gasoline by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is legal for use in any gasoline-powered vehicle. More than 95% of the U.S. gasoline supply contains up to 10% ethanol to boost octane, meet air quality requirements, or satisfy the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2), which calls for 36 billion gallons of biofuels to be blended into transportation fuel by 2022. E10 must meet ASTM D4806 fuel specifications. ASTM International develops specifications for conventional and alternative fuels to ensure proper vehicle operation and safety.
      • E15: (15% ethanol, 85% gasoline) – E15 is legal for use in model year 2001 and newer vehicles; however, there are several EPA and state agency requirements and regulations stations must adhere to when selling E15. Fuel producers that market E15 are required to individually register with EPA. While E15 does not qualify as an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), it does help meet RFS2. E15 must meet fuel specifications laid out in ASTM D4806 and cannot be used in motorcycles, heavy-duty vehicles, off-road vehicles, or off-road equipment.


    The following ethanol blends above E15 should only be used in FFVs due to material and compatibility issues associated with the high alcohol content of ethanol:

    • Mid-level blends: Blender pumps (defined below) can create various other ethanol blends between E15 and E85 (also defined below). E20 (20% ethanol, 80% gasoline) and E30 (30% ethanol, 70% gasoline) are the most common blends selected. Mid-level ethanol blends must meet fuel specifications laid out in ASTM D7794.
    • E85: E85 is considered an alternative fuel under EPAct and can contain 51% to 83% ethanol, depending on geography and season. This variance in ethanol content is allowed to ensure proper starting and vehicle performance in geographic locations where cold temperatures can affect fuel properties. Though dependent on the blend, drivers can expect about 27% less energy per gallon than gasoline, resulting in a corresponding reduction in fuel economy, when using E85. E85 must meet ASTM D5798 fuel specifications.


    Low-level ethanol blends up to E10 have already been incorporated into the majority of the U.S. gasoline supply, and fueling stations that supply these blends are not required to update their fueling infrastructure. Ethanol blends above E10, however, do require specific ethanol-compatible equipment, including:

    • Dispensers: E85 and blender pump dispensers require specialized metals and seals to perform with high concentrations of ethanol. Permitting authorities typically require all ethanol dispensers to be UL-listed for the ethanol blend dispensed.
    • Hanging hardware: Hanging hardware, including hoses, nozzles, swivels, and breakaways, used to dispense ethanol blends should use ethanol-compatible materials. Permitting authorities typically require hanging hardware to be UL-listed for the ethanol blend dispensed.


    Most stations that dispense mid-level blends also have the following:

    • Blender pump: This type of fuel dispenser offers FFV owners a variety of ethanol-blended gasoline products between E15 and E85. Blender pumps draw fuel from two separate storage tanks (E10 and E85) and can dispense preprogrammed blends of those fuels. Blender pumps also may be used to dispense E15 legally. Note that blender pumps currently are offered only at select fueling stations and are mainly concentrated in the Midwest. The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Fueling Station Locator includes details about E85 stations with blender pump availability.


    Additional information on FFVs, ethanol feedstocks, and infrastructure can be found on the AFDC Ethanol page.


    blog post written by
    Clean Cities Technical Response Service Team
    [email protected]


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    AFLEET Tool

    The Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environmental and Economic Transportation (AFLEET) Tool, was developed to help Clean Cities stakeholders estimate petroleum use, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air pollutant emissions, and cost of ownership of light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles using simple spreadsheet inputs.

    The AFLEET Tool provides three calculation methods depending on the user’s goals:

    • Simple Payback Calculator – estimates a simple payback of purchase of a new AFV compared to a conventional counterpart using acquisition and annual operating costs, as well as average annual petroleum use, GHGs, and air pollutant emissions.
    • Total Cost of Ownership Calculator – estimates the net present value of operating and fixed costs over the years of planned ownership of a new vehicle, as well as lifetime petroleum use, GHGs and air pollutant emissions
    • Fleet Energy and Emissions Footprint Calculator – estimates the annual petroleum use, GHGs and air pollutant emissions of existing and new vehicles, taking into consideration that older vehicles typically have higher air pollutant emission rates than newer ones.

    You can find both the AFLEET Tool spreadsheet and user manual here:

    Below is a link to the archived webinar, both the recording and the PowerPoint slides presented,


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    South Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Workshop

    The Greater Lafayette Chamber of Commerce hosted the South Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Workshop in Lafayette on Friday, Nov. 8. Speakers included Frank Chapel, Director of natural gas transportation fuels for Apache; U.S. Rep. Bill Cassidy, Louisiana’s 6th District; Jim Arthurs, President of Cummins Westport; Gifford Briggs, Vice President of Louisiana Oil and Gas Association and several more who spoke on the benefits of natural gas in transportation. The Advocate link below reports on the workshop.

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    Alternative Fueling Station Locator App

    In a bid to bring consumers more transportation options that save money at the pump, the Energy Department  launched a new mobile app today, to help drivers find stations that provide alternative fuel for vehicles. A mobile version of the Alternative Fueling Station Locator website, It is just one of the latest tools the Energy Department has made available to help drivers find the right vehicle and fuel that suits their needs

    Developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory with support from the Energy Department, the Alternative Fueling Station Locator app provides information on more than 15,000 stations across the country. Users can search for stations that offer:

    • Electricity
    • Biodiesel (B20)
    • Natural gas (compressed and liquefied)
    • Ethanol (E85)
    • Hydrogen
    • Propane

    After the user selects a fuel, the app maps the stations closest to his or her current location, as well as the phone numbers and operating hours. Using the app's filters, drivers can also search for stations that meet certain parameters, such as whether the station is open to the public and what payment methods it accepts.

    The Alternative Fueling Station Locator app is available for the iPhone and iPad at no cost from the Apple App Store.

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    Plugging in to Cut Petroleum Use

    Clean Cities Blog / #16 Clean Cities Top 20 Facts
    Clean Cities has helped put 20,000 PEVs on the road

    Clean Cities has made a significant contribution toward the electrification of transportation, having helped deploy more than 20,000 plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including plug-in hybrids and all-electric vehicles.

    The deployment of PEVs is a critical strategy to reduce U.S. dependence on petroleum. And, by using these vehicles, Clean Cities stakeholders have displaced more than 50 million gallons of petroleum just since 2010.

    But these vehicles don't just help us kick the petroleum habit—they're ultra-efficient, which translates to low fuel costs and steep emissions reductions. Read more...

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