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    Fact of the Week

    In model year 2011, there were just three different models of all-electric vehicles (AEV) available and their ranges on a full charge (according to the Environmental Protection Agency) spanned from 63 to 94 miles. By model year 2016, the number of AEV models increased to twelve and the available ranges expanded as well from a minimum of 62 miles for the Mitsubishi i-MiEV to a maximum of 294 miles for the Tesla Model S 90D. From 2011 to 2016, the median of the AEV ranges increased by just over 10 miles – from 73 to 83.5 miles.

    Breadth of AEV Ranges
    2011 & 2016

    Graph showing breadth of AEV ranges in model year 2011 and model year 2016

    Supporting Information
    AEV by Range Model Year, 2011 and 2016

    Model YearMakeModelRange (Miles) 
    2011 smart fortwo electric drive coupe 63 MY 2011 Median = 73 miles
    2011 Nissan Leaf 73
    2011 BMW Active E 94
    2016 Mitsubishi i-MIEV 62 MY 2016 Median = 83.5 miles
    2016 smart fortwo electric drive coupe 68
    2016 Ford Focus Electric 76
    2016 BMW i3 BEV 81
    2016 Chevrolet Spark 82
    2016 Volkswagen e-Golf 83
    2016 Fiat 500e 84
    2016 Mercedes-Benz B250e 87
    2016 Kia Soul Electric 93
    2016 Nissan Leaf (30 kW-hr battery pack) 107
    2016 Tesla Model X AWD - 90D 257
    2016 Tesla Model S AWD - 90D 294

    Note: Median is based on the listed models; some of these AEV models are available with different battery capacities/body styles, which have shorter ranges.
    Source: U. S. Department of Energy, FuelEconomy.Gov data, accessed May 19, 2016.

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