EV (Electric Vehicles): Charge Up at Home or On The Go!
Powering Vehicles with Electricity
Electricity can be used to power all-electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV’s) directly from the power grid using battery storage or from electricity generated on-board through fuel cells. In plug-in electric vehicles, onboard rechargeable batteries store energy to power electric motors. Vehicles that run only on electricity produce no tailpipe emissions. But there are emissions associated with the production of electricity.
Fueling plug-in vehicles with electricity is currently cost effective compared to using gasoline, especially if drivers take advantage of off-peak rates offered by many utilities. Electricity costs can vary by region, type of generation, time of use, and access point. Learn about factors affecting electricity prices from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Electric Charging Stations
Many plug-in electric vehicle owners choose to do the majority of their charging at home (or at fleet facilities, in the case of fleets). Some employers offer access to charging at the workplace. In many states, plug-in electric vehicle drivers also have access to public charging stations at libraries, shopping centers, hospitals, and businesses. Charging infrastructure is rapidly expanding, providing drivers with the convenience, range, and confidence to meet more of their transportation needs with plug-in electric vehicles. Need help finding chargers on the go? Google Maps now shows nearby charger locations when searching for EV Chargers!
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) combine an internal combustion engine (ICE) with batteries, regenerative braking, and an electric motor to provide high fuel economy. They rely on a petroleum-based or alternative fuel for power and are not plugged in to charge. Instead, HEV batteries are charged by the ICE or other propulsion source and during regenerative braking. This design allows the vehicle to travel much further on one gallon of gas, approximately 40 to 70 miles, depending on the make and model. Hybrid vehicles also have the potential to use other fuels, like ethanol, biodiesel, or natural gas. Of the electric drive vehicles, hybrids are the most competitively priced.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs or PEVs), like regular hybrid electric vehicles, combine an internal combustion engine with an electric motor and a battery. Unlike traditional hybrid electric vehicles, PHEVs batteries can be recharged by plugging directly into the grid. The use of electricity cuts petroleum consumption and tailpipe emissions, and due to larger battery sizes, PHEVs can drive almost entirely on stored electricity (all-electric charge range of 10-40 miles). When running on traditional fuels, PHEVs perform like HEV’s, realizing the same fuel economy and emission benefits.
Drive Electric Louisiana, a program of Louisiana Clean Fuels, is dedicated to accelerating EV adoption through outreach, education, and advocacy.