Hydrogen..Making Travel Virtually Pollution Free!
Hydrogen (H2) is an alternative fuel that can be produced from diverse domestic resources. Although hydrogen is in its infancy in the market as a transportation fuel, government and industry are working toward clean, economical, and safe hydrogen production and distribution for widespread use in fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). FCEVs are beginning to enter the consumer market in localized regions domestically and around the world. The market is also developing for buses, material handling equipment (such as forklifts), ground support equipment, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, and stationary applications.
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are powered by hydrogen. They are more efficient than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and produce no tailpipe emissions—they only emit water vapor and warm air. FCEVs and the hydrogen infrastructure to fuel them are still in an early stage of deployment. The U.S. Department of Energy is leading government and industry efforts to make hydrogen-powered vehicles an affordable, environmentally friendly, and safe transportation option. Hydrogen is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and qualifies for alternative fuel vehicle tax credits.
Several vehicle manufacturers have begun making light-duty hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles available in select markets like southern and northern California, where there is access to hydrogen fueling stations. Test vehicles are also available in limited numbers to select organizations with access to hydrogen fueling stations. Heavy-duty tractors and buses also have hydrogen options available on a demonstration basis.
Here are two examples of FCEVs currently on the market:
Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center